Check out example codes for "c bitwise operators". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

// An simple example for binary digits (bits):
// Example: 01001011
//        0  0  0  0 1 0 1 1
//      128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 
//      00001011 = 64 + 8 + 2 + 1 = 75 

int i = 1;

if (i == true && i = 1 || i = 2) 
{
  //And operator -> &&
  //Or operator -> ||
  i = i << 1;
  i = i >> 1;
  
  //Shift bits to left operator -> <<
  
  //Value of i : 
  //    0  0  0  0 0 0 0 1 } Value of i = 1
  //  128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 } Values
  
  //    0   0  0  0  0 0 0 1 } Value of i = 2
  //  256 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 } Values shifted this way : >> 
  
  // i << (number of times) is same as i * (number of times)
  
  //Shift bits to right operator -> >>
  
  //Value of i : 
  //    0   0  0  0  0 0 0 1 } Value of i = 1
  //  256 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 } Values 
  
  //    0  0  0  0 0 0 0 1 } Value of i = 2
  //  128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 } Values shifted this way : <<
  
  // i << (number of times) is same as i / (number of times)
}

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