Check out example codes for "binary search in c++". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

#include<iostream> 
using namespace std; 
int binarySearch(int arr[], int p, int r, int num) { 
   if (p <= r) { 
      int mid = (p + r)/2; 
      if (arr[mid] == num)   
         return mid ; 
      if (arr[mid] > num)  
         return binarySearch(arr, p, mid-1, num);            
      if (arr[mid] < num)
         return binarySearch(arr, mid+1, r, num); 
   } 
   return -1; 
} 
int main(void) { 
   int arr[] = {1, 3, 7, 15, 18, 20, 25, 33, 36, 40}; 
   int n = sizeof(arr)/ sizeof(arr[0]); 
   int num = 33; 
   int index = binarySearch (arr, 0, n-1, num); 
   if(index == -1)
      cout<< num <<" is not present in the array";
   else
      cout<< num <<" is present at index "<< index <<" in the array"; 
   return 0; 
}

Code Example 2

def binarySearch(arr, l, r, x): 
  
    while l <= r: 
  
        mid = l + (r - l) // 2; 
          
        # Check if x is present at mid 
        if arr[mid] == x: 
            return mid 
  
        # If x is greater, ignore left half 
        elif arr[mid] < x: 
            l = mid + 1
  
        # If x is smaller, ignore right half 
        else: 
            r = mid - 1
      
    # If we reach here, then the element 
    # was not present 
    return -1
  
# Driver Code 
arr = [ 2, 3, 4, 10, 40 ] 
x = 10
  
# Function call 
result = binarySearch(arr, 0, len(arr)-1, x) 
  
if result != -1: 
    print ("Element is present at index % d" % result) 
else: 
    print ("Element is not present in array")

Code Example 3

#include<iostream> 
using namespace std; 
int binarySearch(int arr[], int p, int r, int num) { 
   if (p <= r) { 
      int mid = (p + r)/2; 
      if (arr[mid] == num)   
         return mid ; 
      if (arr[mid] > num)  
         return binarySearch(arr, p, mid-1, num);            
      if (arr[mid] > num)
         return binarySearch(arr, mid+1, r, num); 
   } 
   return -1; 
} 
int main(void) { 
   int arr[] = {1, 3, 7, 15, 18, 20, 25, 33, 36, 40}; 
   int n = sizeof(arr)/ sizeof(arr[0]); 
   int num = 33; 
   int index = binarySearch (arr, 0, n-1, num); 
   if(index == -1)
      cout<< num <<" is not present in the array";
   else
      cout<< num <<" is present at index "<< index <<" in the array"; 
   return 0; 
}

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