Check out example codes for "c++ garbage collection". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

// raii.cpp

#include <iostream>
#include <new>
#include <string>

class ResourceGuard{
  private:
    const std::string resource;
  public:
    ResourceGuard(const std::string& res):resource(res){
      std::cout << "Acquire the " << resource << "." <<  std::endl;
    }
    ~ResourceGuard(){
      std::cout << "Release the "<< resource << "." << std::endl;
    }
};

int main(){

  std::cout << std::endl;

  ResourceGuard resGuard1{"memoryBlock1"};

  std::cout << "\nBefore local scope" << std::endl;
  {
    ResourceGuard resGuard2{"memoryBlock2"};
  }
  std::cout << "After local scope" << std::endl;
  
  std::cout << std::endl;

  
  std::cout << "\nBefore try-catch block" << std::endl;
  try{
      ResourceGuard resGuard3{"memoryBlock3"};
      throw std::bad_alloc();
  }   
  catch (std::bad_alloc& e){
      std::cout << e.what();
  }
  std::cout << "\nAfter try-catch block" << std::endl;
  
  std::cout << std::endl;

}

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