Check out example codes for "c++ overloaded == operator". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
 
class Car
{
private:
    std::string m_make;
    std::string m_model;
 
public:
    Car(const std::string& make, const std::string& model)
        : m_make{ make }, m_model{ model }
    {
    }
 
    friend bool operator== (const Car &c1, const Car &c2);
    friend bool operator!= (const Car &c1, const Car &c2);
};
 
bool operator== (const Car &c1, const Car &c2)
{
    return (c1.m_make== c2.m_make &&
            c1.m_model== c2.m_model);
}
 
bool operator!= (const Car &c1, const Car &c2)
{
    return !(c1== c2);
}
 
int main()
{
    Car corolla{ "Toyota", "Corolla" };
    Car camry{ "Toyota", "Camry" };
 
    if (corolla == camry)
        std::cout << "a Corolla and Camry are the same.\n";
 
    if (corolla != camry)
        std::cout << "a Corolla and Camry are not the same.\n";
 
    return 0;
}

Code Example 2

// money.h -- define the prototype
class Money
{
   public:
      Money & operator += (const Money &rhs);
}

// money.cpp -- define the implementation
Money& Money :: operator += (const Money &rhs)
{
   // Yadda Yadda
  
   return *this;
}

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