Check out example codes for "cannot jump from switch statement to this case label c++". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

switch(foo) {
  case 1:
    int i = 42; // i exists all the way to the end of the switch
    dostuff(i);
    break;
  case 2:
    dostuff(i*2); // i is *also* in scope here, but is not initialized!
}

Code Example 2

switch (choice)
{
    case 1: get_two_numbers(x, y);
            //* vv here vv *
            int sum = add(x, y);
            //* ^^ here ^^ */
            cout << x << " + " << y << " = " <<  sum << endl;
            break;
    case 2: get_two_numbers(x, y);
            //* vv here vv */
            int diff = subtract(x, y);
            //* ^^ here ^^ */
            cout << x << " - " << y << " = " <<  diff << endl;
            break;
    default:;
}

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