Check out example codes for "data types in c++". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

Long
Data Type	          Size             (in bytes)	Range
long int	            4	         -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647
unsigned long int	    4	         0 to 4,294,967,295
long long int	        8	         -(2^63) to (2^63)-1
unsigned long long int	8	         0 to 18,446,744,073,709,551,615

Code Example 2

long long int or double

Code Example 3

int myNum = 5;               // Integer (whole number)
float myFloatNum = 5.99;     // Floating point number
double myDoubleNum = 9.98;   // Floating point number
char myLetter = 'D';         // Character
bool myBoolean = true;       // Boolean
string myText = "Hello";     // String

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