Check out example codes for "Given an undirected graph, count the number of connected components.". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

// C++ implementation of the approach 
#include <bits/stdc++.h> 
using namespace std; 
  
// Graph class represents a undirected graph 
// using adjacency list representation 
class Graph { 
    // No. of vertices 
    int V; 
  
    // Pointer to an array containing adjacency lists 
    list<int>* adj; 
  
    // A function used by DFS 
    void DFSUtil(int v, bool visited[]); 
  
public: 
    // Constructor 
    Graph(int V); 
  
    void addEdge(int v, int w); 
    int NumberOfconnectedComponents(); 
}; 
  
// Function to return the number of 
// connected components in an undirected graph 
int Graph::NumberOfconnectedComponents() 
{ 
  
    // Mark all the vertices as not visited 
    bool* visited = new bool[V]; 
  
    // To store the number of connected components 
    int count = 0; 
    for (int v = 0; v < V; v++) 
        visited[v] = false; 
  
    for (int v = 0; v < V; v++) { 
        if (visited[v] == false) { 
            DFSUtil(v, visited); 
            count += 1; 
        } 
    } 
  
    return count; 
} 
  
void Graph::DFSUtil(int v, bool visited[]) 
{ 
  
    // Mark the current node as visited 
    visited[v] = true; 
  
    // Recur for all the vertices 
    // adjacent to this vertex 
    list<int>::iterator i; 
  
    for (i = adj[v].begin(); i != adj[v].end(); ++i) 
        if (!visited[*i]) 
            DFSUtil(*i, visited); 
} 
  
Graph::Graph(int V) 
{ 
    this->V = V; 
    adj = new list<int>[V]; 
} 
  
// Add an undirected edge 
void Graph::addEdge(int v, int w) 
{ 
    adj[v].push_back(w); 
    adj[w].push_back(v); 
} 
  
// Driver code 
int main() 
{ 
    Graph g(5); 
    g.addEdge(1, 0); 
    g.addEdge(2, 3); 
    g.addEdge(3, 4); 
  
    cout << g.NumberOfconnectedComponents(); 
  
    return 0; 
}

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