Check out example codes for "map declaration c++". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

//assuming your variables are called : variables_
#include <map>
#include <string>

std::map<int, std::string> map_;
map_[1] = "mercury";
map_[2] = "mars";
map_.insert(std::make_pair(3, "earth"));
//either synthax works to declare a new entry

return map_[2]; //here, map_[2] will return "mars"

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