Check out example codes for "monotonic deque". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

deque<int> dq;
vector<int> ans;
for (int i=0; i<nums.size(); i++) {
if (!dq.empty() && dq.front() == i-k) dq.pop_front();
while (!dq.empty() && nums[dq.back()] < nums[i])
dq.pop_back();
dq.push_back(i);
if (i>=k-1) ans.push_back(nums[dq.front()]);
}

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