Check out example codes for "validate jwt token c#". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

public static Task<IPrincipal> validateToken(string token)
        {
            ClaimsPrincipal principal = getPrincipal(token);
            if (principal == null)
                return null;
            ClaimsIdentity identity = null;
            try
            {
                identity = (ClaimsIdentity)principal.Identity;
                IPrincipal Iprincipal = new ClaimsPrincipal(identity);
                return Task.FromResult(Iprincipal);
            }
            catch (NullReferenceException)
            {
                return Task.FromResult<IPrincipal>(null);
            }
        }

 private static ClaimsPrincipal getPrincipal(string token)
        {
            try
            {
                JwtSecurityTokenHandler tokenHandler = new JwtSecurityTokenHandler();
                JwtSecurityToken jwtToken = (JwtSecurityToken)tokenHandler.ReadToken(token);
                if (jwtToken == null)
                    return null;
                byte[] key = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(config.jwtSecret);
                TokenValidationParameters parameters = new TokenValidationParameters()
                {
                    ValidIssuer = config.jwtIssuer,
                    ValidAudience = config.jwtIssuer,
                    ValidateLifetime = true,
                    RequireExpirationTime = true,
                    ValidateIssuer = true,
                    ValidateAudience = true,
                    IssuerSigningKey = new SymmetricSecurityKey(key),
                    ClockSkew = TimeSpan.Zero
                };
                SecurityToken securityToken;
                ClaimsPrincipal principal = tokenHandler.ValidateToken(token,
                      parameters, out securityToken);
                return principal;
            }
            catch
            {
                return null;
            }
  }

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