Check out example codes for "bootstrap 4 columns screen width". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

.col-sm-3half, .col-sm-8half {
    position: relative;
    min-height: 1px;
    padding-right: 15px;
    padding-left: 15px;
}

@media (min-width: 768px) {
    .col-sm-3half, .col-sm-8half {
        float: left;
    }
    .col-sm-3half {
        width: 29.16666667%;
    }
    .col-sm-8half {
        width: 70.83333333%;
    }
}

Code Example 2

# Bootstrap 4 screen width linked to columns
.col- (extra small devices - screen width less than 576px)
.col-sm- (small devices - screen width equal to or greater than 576px)
.col-md- (medium devices - screen width equal to or greater than 768px)
.col-lg- (large devices - screen width equal to or greater than 992px)
.col-xl- (xlarge devices - screen width equal to or greater than 1200px)

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