Check out example codes for "bootstrap Alerts Additional content Dismissing". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

Alerts are available for any length of text, as well as an optional dismiss
button. For proper styling, use one of the eight required contextual classes
(e.g., .alert-success). For inline dismissal, use the alerts jQuery plugin.

<div class="alert alert-primary" role="alert">
  A simple primary alert—check it out!
</div>
<div class="alert alert-secondary" role="alert">
  A simple secondary alert—check it out!
</div>
<div class="alert alert-success" role="alert">
  A simple success alert—check it out!
</div>
<div class="alert alert-danger" role="alert">
  A simple danger alert—check it out!
</div>
<div class="alert alert-warning" role="alert">
  A simple warning alert—check it out!
</div>
<div class="alert alert-info" role="alert">
  A simple info alert—check it out!
</div>
<div class="alert alert-light" role="alert">
  A simple light alert—check it out!
</div>
<div class="alert alert-dark" role="alert">
  A simple dark alert—check it out!
</div>

<div class="alert alert-primary" role="alert">
  A simple primary alert with <a href="#" class="alert-link">an example link</a>. Give it a click if you like.
</div>
<div class="alert alert-secondary" role="alert">
  A simple secondary alert with <a href="#" class="alert-link">an example link</a>. Give it a click if you like.
</div>
<div class="alert alert-success" role="alert">
  A simple success alert with <a href="#" class="alert-link">an example link</a>. Give it a click if you like.
</div>
<div class="alert alert-danger" role="alert">
  A simple danger alert with <a href="#" class="alert-link">an example link</a>. Give it a click if you like.
</div>
<div class="alert alert-warning" role="alert">
  A simple warning alert with <a href="#" class="alert-link">an example link</a>. Give it a click if you like.
</div>
<div class="alert alert-info" role="alert">
  A simple info alert with <a href="#" class="alert-link">an example link</a>. Give it a click if you like.
</div>
<div class="alert alert-light" role="alert">
  A simple light alert with <a href="#" class="alert-link">an example link</a>. Give it a click if you like.
</div>
<div class="alert alert-dark" role="alert">
  A simple dark alert with <a href="#" class="alert-link">an example link</a>. Give it a click if you like.
</div>

Code Example 2

Alerts can also contain additional HTML elements like headings, paragraphs 
and dividers.

<div class="alert alert-success" role="alert">
  <h4 class="alert-heading">Well done!</h4>
  <p>Aww yeah, you successfully read this important alert message. This example text is going to run a bit longer so that you can see how spacing within an alert works with this kind of content.</p>
  <hr>
  <p class="mb-0">Whenever you need to, be sure to use margin utilities to keep things nice and tidy.</p>
</div>

Code Example 3

<div class="alert alert-warning alert-dismissible fade show" role="alert">
  <strong>Holy guacamole!</strong> You should check in on some of those fields below.
  <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert" aria-label="Close">
    <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
  </button>
</div>

Enable dismissal of an alert via JavaScript:

$('.alert').alert()
$().alert('close')
$().alert()
$().alert('dispose')

Events

close.bs.alert
closed.bs.alert

Code Example 4

<div class="alert alert-primary" role="alert">
  This is a primary alert—check it out!
</div>
<div class="alert alert-secondary" role="alert">
  This is a secondary alert—check it out!
</div>
<div class="alert alert-success" role="alert">
  This is a success alert—check it out!
</div>
<div class="alert alert-danger" role="alert">
  This is a danger alert—check it out!
</div>
<div class="alert alert-warning" role="alert">
  This is a warning alert—check it out!
</div>
<div class="alert alert-info" role="alert">
  This is a info alert—check it out!
</div>
<div class="alert alert-light" role="alert">
  This is a light alert—check it out!
</div>
<div class="alert alert-dark" role="alert">
  This is a dark alert—check it out!
</div>

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