Check out example codes for "bootstrap badges Links". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

Add any of the below mentioned modifier classes to change the appearance 
of a badge.
<span class="badge badge-primary">Primary</span>
<span class="badge badge-secondary">Secondary</span>
<span class="badge badge-success">Success</span>
<span class="badge badge-danger">Danger</span>
<span class="badge badge-warning">Warning</span>
<span class="badge badge-info">Info</span>
<span class="badge badge-light">Light</span>
<span class="badge badge-dark">Dark</span>

Code Example 2

Badges scale to match the size of the immediate parent element by 
using relative font sizing and em units.
<h1>Example heading <span class="badge badge-secondary">New</span></h1>
<h2>Example heading <span class="badge badge-secondary">New</span></h2>
<h3>Example heading <span class="badge badge-secondary">New</span></h3>
<h4>Example heading <span class="badge badge-secondary">New</span></h4>
<h5>Example heading <span class="badge badge-secondary">New</span></h5>
<h6>Example heading <span class="badge badge-secondary">New</span></h6>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">
  Profile <span class="badge badge-light">9</span>
  <span class="sr-only">unread messages</span>
</button>

Code Example 3

Use the .badge-pill modifier class to make badges more rounded 
(with a larger border-radius and additional horizontal padding). 
Useful if you miss the badges from v3.

<span class="badge badge-pill badge-primary">Primary</span>
<span class="badge badge-pill badge-secondary">Secondary</span>
<span class="badge badge-pill badge-success">Success</span>
<span class="badge badge-pill badge-danger">Danger</span>
<span class="badge badge-pill badge-warning">Warning</span>
<span class="badge badge-pill badge-info">Info</span>
<span class="badge badge-pill badge-light">Light</span>
<span class="badge badge-pill badge-dark">Dark</span>

Code Example 4

Using the contextual .badge-* classes on an <a> element quickly provide 
actionable badges with hover and focus states.

<a href="#" class="badge badge-primary">Primary</a>
<a href="#" class="badge badge-secondary">Secondary</a>
<a href="#" class="badge badge-success">Success</a>
<a href="#" class="badge badge-danger">Danger</a>
<a href="#" class="badge badge-warning">Warning</a>
<a href="#" class="badge badge-info">Info</a>
<a href="#" class="badge badge-light">Light</a>
<a href="#" class="badge badge-dark">Dark</a>

Code Example 5

<span class="badge badge-primary">Primary</span>
<span class="badge badge-secondary">Secondary</span>
<span class="badge badge-success">Success</span>
<span class="badge badge-danger">Danger</span>
<span class="badge badge-warning">Warning</span>
<span class="badge badge-info">Info</span>
<span class="badge badge-light">Light</span>
<span class="badge badge-dark">Dark</span>

Learn ReactJs, React Native from akashmittal.com