Check out example codes for "javascript use css custom properties". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

Values in JavaScript
To use the values of custom properties in JavaScript, it is just like standard properties.
// get variable from inline style
element.style.getPropertyValue("--my-var");

// get variable from wherever
getComputedStyle(element).getPropertyValue("--my-var");

// set variable on inline style
element.style.setProperty("--my-var", jsVar + 4);

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