Check out example codes for "wrap DOM elements in SVG using before and after". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

<style>
/* will place two SVG elements before and after div elements 
  SVG must be URL encoded
*/

div:after{
   left:20px;
  margin:0 -100% 0 0;
  display: inline-block;
  height: 10px;
  content: url(data:image/svg+xml,%0A%3Csvg%20xmlns%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fwww.w3.org%2F2000%2Fsvg%22%20width%3D%22120px%22%20height%3D%2220px%22%20viewBox%3D%220%200%201200%20200%22%20xmlns%3Axlink%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fwww.w3.org%2F1999%2Fxlink%22%3E%0A%20%20%3Cpath%20stroke%3D%22black%22%20stroke-width%3D%223%22%20fill%3D%22none%22%20d%3D%22M1145%2085c17%2C7%208%2C24%20-4%2C29%20-12%2C4%20-40%2C6%20-48%2C-8%20-9%2C-15%209%2C-34%2026%2C-42%2017%2C-7%2045%2C-6%2062%2C2%2017%2C9%2019%2C18%2020%2C27%201%2C9%200%2C29%20-27%2C52%20-28%2C23%20-52%2C34%20-102%2C33%20-49%2C0%20-130%2C-31%20-185%2C-50%20-56%2C-18%20-74%2C-21%20-96%2C-23%20-22%2C-2%20-29%2C-2%20-56%2C7%20-27%2C8%20-44%2C17%20-44%2C17%20-13%2C5%20-15%2C7%20-40%2C16%20-25%2C9%20-69%2C14%20-120%2C11%20-51%2C-3%20-126%2C-23%20-181%2C-32%20-54%2C-9%20-105%2C-20%20-148%2C-23%20-42%2C-3%20-71%2C1%20-104%2C5%20-34%2C5%20-65%2C15%20-98%2C22%22%2F%3E%0A%3C%2Fsvg%3E%0A);
};
div:before {
  right:20px;
  margin:0 0 0 -100%;
  display: inline-block;
  height: 10px;
  content: url(data:image/svg+xml,%0A%3Csvg%20xmlns%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fwww.w3.org%2F2000%2Fsvg%22%20width%3D%22120px%22%20height%3D%2220px%22%20viewBox%3D%220%200%201200%20130%22%20xmlns%3Axlink%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fwww.w3.org%2F1999%2Fxlink%22%3E%0A%20%20%3Cpath%20stroke%3D%22black%22%20stroke-width%3D%223%22%20fill%3D%22none%22%20d%3D%22M55%2068c-17%2C6%20-8%2C23%204%2C28%2012%2C5%2040%2C7%2048%2C-8%209%2C-15%20-9%2C-34%20-26%2C-41%20-17%2C-8%20-45%2C-7%20-62%2C2%20-18%2C8%20-19%2C18%20-20%2C27%20-1%2C9%200%2C29%2027%2C52%2028%2C23%2052%2C33%20102%2C33%2049%2C-1%20130%2C-31%20185%2C-50%2056%2C-19%2074%2C-21%2096%2C-23%2022%2C-2%2029%2C-2%2056%2C6%2027%2C8%2043%2C17%2043%2C17%2014%2C6%2016%2C7%2041%2C16%2025%2C9%2069%2C15%20120%2C11%2051%2C-3%20126%2C-22%20181%2C-32%2054%2C-9%20105%2C-20%20148%2C-23%2042%2C-3%2071%2C1%20104%2C6%2034%2C4%2065%2C14%2098%2C22%22%2F%3E%0A%3C%2Fsvg%3E%0A);
}

</style>

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