Check out example codes for "change color google translate select language". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-2.1.4.js"></script>
<div id="google_translate_element"></div>
<script type="text/javascript">
  function googleTranslateElementInit() {
    new google.translate.TranslateElement({  
      pageLanguage: 'en', 
      layout: google.translate.TranslateElement.InlineLayout.SIMPLE
    }, 'google_translate_element');
  }
</script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="//translate.google.com/translate_a/element.js?cb=googleTranslateElementInit"></script>
<script>
  $(document).ready(function(){
    $('#google_translate_element').bind('DOMNodeInserted', function(event) {
      $('.goog-te-menu-value span:first').html('Translate');
      $('.goog-te-menu-frame.skiptranslate').load(function(){
        setTimeout(function(){
          $('.goog-te-menu-frame.skiptranslate').contents().find('.goog-te-menu2-item-selected .text').html('Translate');    
        }, 100);
      });
    });
  });
</script>

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