Check out example codes for "bootstrap Buttons". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Primary</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary">Secondary</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-success">Success</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-danger">Danger</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-warning">Warning</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-info">Info</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-light">Light</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-dark">Dark</button>

<button type="button" class="btn btn-link">Link</button>

Code Example 2

Bootstrap includes several predefined button styles, each serving its own
semantic purpose, with a few extras thrown in for more control.
Using color to add meaning only provides a visual indication, which will
not be conveyed to users of assistive technologies – such as screen readers. 
Ensure that information denoted by the color is either obvious from the 
content itself (e.g. the visible text), or is included through alternative
means, such as additional text hidden with the .sr-only class.

<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Primary</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary">Secondary</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-success">Success</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-danger">Danger</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-warning">Warning</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-info">Info</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-light">Light</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-dark">Dark</button>

<button type="button" class="btn btn-link">Link</button>

Code Example 3

<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Blue</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary">Grey</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-success">Green</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-danger">Red</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-warning">Yellow</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-info">Ligth blue</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-light">White</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-dark">Black</button>

<button type="button" class="btn btn-link">White with blue text</button>

Code Example 4

<button type="button" class="btn">Basic</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-default">Default</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Primary</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-success">Success</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-info">Info</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-warning">Warning</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-danger">Danger</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-link">Link</button>

Code Example 5

<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Blue</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary">Grey</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-success">Green</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-danger">Red</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-warning">Orange</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-info">Navy Blue</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-light">Light Grey</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-dark">Black</button>

<button type="button" class="btn btn-link">Link</button>

Code Example 6

Bootstrap button types

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