Check out example codes for "bootstrap modal on image click codepen". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

<a href="#" id="pop">
    <img id="imageresource" src="https://picsum.photos/200/300" style="width: 400px; height: 264px;">
    Click to Enlarge
</a>

<!-- Creates the bootstrap modal where the image will appear -->
<div class="modal fade" id="imagemodal" tabindex="-1" role="dialog" aria-labelledby="myModalLabel" aria-hidden="true">
  <div class="modal-dialog">
    <div class="modal-content">
      <div class="modal-header">
        <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal"><span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span><span class="sr-only">Close</span></button>
        <h4 class="modal-title" id="myModalLabel">Image preview</h4>
      </div>
      <div class="modal-body">
        <img src="" id="imagepreview" style="width: 400px; height: 264px;" >
      </div>
      <div class="modal-footer">
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-default" data-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

<----------------------- JS ---------------------------->

  $("#pop").on("click", function() {
   $('#imagepreview').attr('src', $('#imageresource').attr('src')); // here asign the image to the modal when the user click the enlarge link
   $('#imagemodal').modal('show'); // imagemodal is the id attribute assigned to the bootstrap modal, then i use the show function
});

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