Check out example codes for "check if object is empty java 8". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

// Changed EmployeeServive to return an optional, no more nulls!
Optional<Employee> employee = employeeServive.getEmployee();
employee.ifPresent(e -> System.out.println(e.getId()));

Code Example 2

Optional<Employee> employee = employeeServive.getEmployee();
// Sometimes an Employee has forgotten to write an up-to-date timesheet
Optional<Timesheet> timesheet = employee.flatMap(Employee::askForCurrentTimesheet); 
// We don't want to do the heavyweight action of creating a new estimate if it will just be discarded

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