Check out example codes for "java binary tree". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

public class BinaryTree {

    private int key;

    private BinaryTree left, right;

    /**
     * Simple constructor.
     *
     * @param key
     *     to set as key.
     */
    public BinaryTree(int key) {
        this.key = key;
    }

    /**
     * Extended constructor.
     *
     * @param key
     *     to set as key.
     * @param left
     *     to set as left child.
     * @param right
     *     to set as right child.
     */
    public BinaryTree(int key, BinaryTree left, BinaryTree right) {
        this.key = key;
        setLeft(left);
        setRight(right);
    }

    public int getKey() {
        return key;
    }

    /**
     * @return the left child.
     */
    public BinaryTree getLeft() {
        return left;
    }

    /**
     * @return the right child.
     */
    public BinaryTree getRight() {
        return right;
    }

    public boolean hasLeft() {
        return left != null;
    }

    public boolean hasRight() {
        return right != null;
    }

    //Return a String representation of the BinaryTree using level order traversal
    public String toString(){
        int h = height(this);
        int i;
        String result = "";
        for (i=1; i<=h; i++) {
            result += printGivenLevel(this, i);
        }
        return result;
    }

    //returns the number of nodes in the BinaryTree
    public int size(){
        return size(this);
    }

    public static int size(BinaryTree tree){
        if(tree == null) return 0;
        return 1 + size(tree.getLeft()) + size(tree.getRight());
    }

    public int height(){ return height(this);}

    public static int height(BinaryTree tree){
        if(tree == null) return 0;
        int left = height(tree.getLeft());
        int right = height(tree.getRight());
        return Math.max(left, right) + 1;
    }

    public String printGivenLevel (BinaryTree root ,int level) {
        if (root == null) return "";
        String result = "";
        if (level == 1) {
            result += root.getKey() + " ";
            return result;
        }else if (level > 1) {
            String left = printGivenLevel(root.left, level-1);
            String right = printGivenLevel(root.right, level-1);
            return left + right;
        }else{
            return "";
        }
    }

    /**
     * @param left
     *     to set
     */
    public void setLeft(BinaryTree left) {
        this.left = left;
    }

    /**
     * @param right
     *     to set
     */
    public void setRight(BinaryTree right) {
        this.right = right;
    }
}

Code Example 2

package MyPackage;
  
public class Tree { 
    static class Node {    
    int value; 
        Node left, right; 
          
        Node(int value){ 
            this.value = value; 
            left = null; 
            right = null; 
        } 
    } 
       
    public void insert(Node node, int value) {
        if (value < node.value) { 
          	if (node.left != null) { 
              	insert(node.left, value); 
            } else { 
              System.out.println(" Inserted " + value + " to left of " + node.value); 
              node.left = new Node(value); 
            } 
        } else if (value > node.value) {
          if (node.right != null) {
            insert(node.right, value);
          } else {
            System.out.println("  Inserted " + value + " to right of "
                + node.value);
            node.right = new Node(value);
          }
        }
      }
     public void traverseInOrder(Node node) {
        if (node != null) {
            traverseInOrder(node.left);
            System.out.print(" " + node.value);
            traverseInOrder(node.right);
        }
     }
     
     public static void main(String args[]) 
    { 
    Tree tree = new Tree();
                Node root = new Node(5);
                System.out.println("Binary Tree Example");
                System.out.println("Building tree with root value " + root.value);
                tree.insert(root, 2);
                tree.insert(root, 4);
                tree.insert(root, 8);
                tree.insert(root, 6);
                tree.insert(root, 7);
                tree.insert(root, 3);
                tree.insert(root, 9);
                System.out.println("Traversing tree in order");
                tree.traverseLevelOrder();
                
              }
}
  

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