Check out example codes for "java map iteration". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

// 1. for-each with Entry
Map<Integer, Integer> map = new HashMap<Integer, Integer>();
for (Map.Entry<Integer, Integer> entry : map.entrySet()) {
    System.out.println("Key = " + entry.getKey() + ", Value = " + entry.getValue());
}


// 2. for-each with key or value each (faster)
Map<Integer, Integer> map = new HashMap<Integer, Integer>();
//iterating over keys only
for (Integer key : map.keySet()) {
    System.out.println("Key = " + key);
}
 
//iterating over values only
for (Integer value : map.values()) {
    System.out.println("Value = " + value);
}


// 3. Using Iterator
Map<Integer, Integer> map = new HashMap<Integer, Integer>();
// With Generic
Iterator<Map.Entry<Integer, Integer>> entries = map.entrySet().iterator();
while (entries.hasNext()) {
    Map.Entry<Integer, Integer> entry = entries.next();
    System.out.println("Key = " + entry.getKey() + ", Value = " + entry.getValue());
}

// No Generic
Map map = new HashMap();
Iterator entries = map.entrySet().iterator();
while (entries.hasNext()) {
    Map.Entry entry = (Map.Entry) entries.next();
    Integer key = (Integer)entry.getKey();
    Integer value = (Integer)entry.getValue();
    System.out.println("Key = " + key + ", Value = " + value);
}

Code Example 2

Map<String, String> map = ...
for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : map.entrySet()) {
    System.out.println(entry.getKey() + "/" + entry.getValue());
}

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