Check out example codes for "java merge sort". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

public static void mergeSort(int[] a, int n) {
    if (n < 2) {
        return;
    }
    int mid = n / 2;
    int[] l = new int[mid];
    int[] r = new int[n - mid];
 
    for (int i = 0; i < mid; i++) {
        l[i] = a[i];
    }
    for (int i = mid; i < n; i++) {
        r[i - mid] = a[i];
    }
    mergeSort(l, mid);
    mergeSort(r, n - mid);
 
    merge(a, l, r, mid, n - mid);
}

Code Example 2

/* Java program for Merge Sort */
class MergeSort 
{ 
    // Merges two subarrays of arr[]. 
    // First subarray is arr[l..m] 
    // Second subarray is arr[m+1..r] 
    void merge(int arr[], int l, int m, int r) 
    { 
        // Find sizes of two subarrays to be merged 
        int n1 = m - l + 1; 
        int n2 = r - m; 
  
        /* Create temp arrays */
        int L[] = new int [n1]; 
        int R[] = new int [n2]; 
  
        /*Copy data to temp arrays*/
        for (int i=0; i<n1; ++i) 
            L[i] = arr[l + i]; 
        for (int j=0; j<n2; ++j) 
            R[j] = arr[m + 1+ j]; 
  
  
        /* Merge the temp arrays */
  
        // Initial indexes of first and second subarrays 
        int i = 0, j = 0; 
  
        // Initial index of merged subarry array 
        int k = l; 
        while (i < n1 && j < n2) 
        { 
            if (L[i] <= R[j]) 
            { 
                arr[k] = L[i]; 
                i++; 
            } 
            else
            { 
                arr[k] = R[j]; 
                j++; 
            } 
            k++; 
        } 
  
        /* Copy remaining elements of L[] if any */
        while (i < n1) 
        { 
            arr[k] = L[i]; 
            i++; 
            k++; 
        } 
  
        /* Copy remaining elements of R[] if any */
        while (j < n2) 
        { 
            arr[k] = R[j]; 
            j++; 
            k++; 
        } 
    } 
  
    // Main function that sorts arr[l..r] using 
    // merge() 
    void sort(int arr[], int l, int r) 
    { 
        if (l < r) 
        { 
            // Find the middle point 
            int m = (l+r)/2; 
  
            // Sort first and second halves 
            sort(arr, l, m); 
            sort(arr , m+1, r); 
  
            // Merge the sorted halves 
            merge(arr, l, m, r); 
        } 
    } 
  
    /* A utility function to print array of size n */
    static void printArray(int arr[]) 
    { 
        int n = arr.length; 
        for (int i=0; i<n; ++i) 
            System.out.print(arr[i] + " "); 
        System.out.println(); 
    } 
  
    // Driver method 
    public static void main(String args[]) 
    { 
        int arr[] = {12, 11, 13, 5, 6, 7}; 
  
        System.out.println("Given Array"); 
        printArray(arr); 
  
        MergeSort ob = new MergeSort(); 
        ob.sort(arr, 0, arr.length-1); 
  
        System.out.println("\nSorted array"); 
        printArray(arr); 
    } 
} 
/* This code is contributed by Rajat Mishra */

Code Example 3

public static void merge(
  int[] a, int[] l, int[] r, int left, int right) {
  
    int i = 0, j = 0, k = 0;
    while (i < left && j < right) {
        if (l[i] <= r[j]) {
            a[k++] = l[i++];
        }
        else {
            a[k++] = r[j++];
        }
    }
    while (i < left) {
        a[k++] = l[i++];
    }
    while (j < right) {
        a[k++] = r[j++];
    }
}

Learn ReactJs, React Native from akashmittal.com