Check out example codes for "jsonObjectRequest = new JsonObjectRequest( Request.Method.GET, url, ecplain". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

String uri = String.format("http://somesite.com/some_endpoint.php?param1=%1$s¶m2=%2$s",
                           num1,
                           num2);

StringRequest myReq = new StringRequest(Method.GET,
                                        uri,
                                        createMyReqSuccessListener(),
                                        createMyReqErrorListener());
queue.add(myReq);

Code Example 2

StringRequest myReq = new StringRequest(Method.POST,
                                        "http://somesite.com/some_endpoint.php",
                                        createMyReqSuccessListener(),
                                        createMyReqErrorListener()) {

    protected Map<String, String> getParams() throws com.android.volley.AuthFailureError {
        Map<String, String> params = new HashMap<String, String>();
        params.put("param1", num1);
        params.put("param2", num2);
        return params;
    };
};
queue.add(myReq);

Code Example 3

public class VolleyErrorHelper {
     /**
     * Returns appropriate message which is to be displayed to the user 
     * against the specified error object.
     * 
     * @param error
     * @param context
     * @return
     */
  public static String getMessage(Object error, Context context) {
      if (error instanceof TimeoutError) {
          return context.getResources().getString(R.string.generic_server_down);
      }
      else if (isServerProblem(error)) {
          return handleServerError(error, context);
      }
      else if (isNetworkProblem(error)) {
          return context.getResources().getString(R.string.no_internet);
      }
      return context.getResources().getString(R.string.generic_error);
  }
  
  /**
  * Determines whether the error is related to network
  * @param error
  * @return
  */
  private static boolean isNetworkProblem(Object error) {
      return (error instanceof NetworkError) || (error instanceof NoConnectionError);
  }
  /**
  * Determines whether the error is related to server
  * @param error
  * @return
  */
  private static boolean isServerProblem(Object error) {
      return (error instanceof ServerError) || (error instanceof AuthFailureError);
  }
  /**
  * Handles the server error, tries to determine whether to show a stock message or to 
  * show a message retrieved from the server.
  * 
  * @param err
  * @param context
  * @return
  */
  private static String handleServerError(Object err, Context context) {
      VolleyError error = (VolleyError) err;
  
      NetworkResponse response = error.networkResponse;
  
      if (response != null) {
          switch (response.statusCode) {
            case 404:
            case 422:
            case 401:
                try {
                    // server might return error like this { "error": "Some error occured" }
                    // Use "Gson" to parse the result
                    HashMap<String, String> result = new Gson().fromJson(new String(response.data),
                            new TypeToken<Map<String, String>>() {
                            }.getType());

                    if (result != null && result.containsKey("error")) {
                        return result.get("error");
                    }

                } catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                // invalid request
                return error.getMessage();

            default:
                return context.getResources().getString(R.string.generic_server_down);
            }
      }
        return context.getResources().getString(R.string.generic_error);
  }
}

Code Example 4

// http client instance
private DefaultHttpClient mHttpClient;
public RequestQueue getRequestQueue() {
    // lazy initialize the request queue, the queue instance will be
    // created when it is accessed for the first time
    if (mRequestQueue == null) {
        // Create an instance of the Http client. 
        // We need this in order to access the cookie store
        mHttpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
        // create the request queue
        mRequestQueue = Volley.newRequestQueue(this, new HttpClientStack(mHttpClient));
    }
    return mRequestQueue;
}

/**
 * Method to set a cookie
 */
public void setCookie() {
    CookieStore cs = mHttpClient.getCookieStore();
    // create a cookie
    cs.addCookie(new BasicClientCookie2("cookie", "spooky"));
}


// add the cookie before adding the request to the queue
setCookie();

// add the request to the queue
mRequestQueue.add(request);

Code Example 5

JsonObjectRequest req = new JsonObjectRequest(URL, new JSONObject(params),
           new Response.Listener<JSONObject>() {
               @Override
               public void onResponse(JSONObject response) {
                   // handle response
               }
           }, new Response.ErrorListener() {
               @Override
               public void onErrorResponse(VolleyError error) {
                   // handle error                        
               }
           }) {

       @Override
       public Map<String, String> getHeaders() throws AuthFailureError {
           HashMap<String, String> headers = new HashMap<String, String>();
           headers.put("CUSTOM_HEADER", "Yahoo");
           headers.put("ANOTHER_CUSTOM_HEADER", "Google");
           return headers;
       }
   };

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