Check out example codes for "log4j with spring boot restful services". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

<!-- Exclude Spring Boot's Default Logging -->
<dependency>
	<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
	<exclusions>
		<exclusion>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-logging</artifactId>
		</exclusion>
	</exclusions>
</dependency>

<!-- Add Log4j2 Dependency -->
<dependency>
	<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-log4j2</artifactId>
</dependency>

Code Example 2

<!-- Rolling File Appender -->
<RollingFile name="FileAppender" fileName="logs/log4j2-demo.log" 
             filePattern="logs/log4j2-demo-%d{yyyy-MM-dd}-%i.log">
    <PatternLayout>
        <Pattern>${LOG_PATTERN}</Pattern>
    </PatternLayout>
    <Policies>
        <SizeBasedTriggeringPolicy size="10MB" />
    </Policies>
    <DefaultRolloverStrategy max="10"/>
</RollingFile>

Code Example 3

package com.example.log4j2demo;

import org.apache.logging.log4j.LogManager;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.Logger;
import org.springframework.boot.ApplicationArguments;
import org.springframework.boot.ApplicationRunner;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class Log4j2DemoApplication implements ApplicationRunner {
    private static final Logger logger = LogManager.getLogger(Log4j2DemoApplication.class);

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(Log4j2DemoApplication.class, args);
    }

    @Override
    public void run(ApplicationArguments applicationArguments) throws Exception {
        logger.debug("Debugging log");
        logger.info("Info log");
        logger.warn("Hey, This is a warning!");
        logger.error("Oops! We have an Error. OK");
        logger.fatal("Damn! Fatal error. Please fix me.");
    }
}

Code Example 4

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<Configuration status="WARN" monitorInterval="30">
    <Properties>
        <Property name="LOG_PATTERN">
            %d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} %5p ${hostName} --- [%15.15t] %-40.40c{1.} : %m%n%ex
        </Property>
    </Properties>
    <Appenders>
        <Console name="ConsoleAppender" target="SYSTEM_OUT" follow="true">
            <PatternLayout pattern="${LOG_PATTERN}"/>
        </Console>
    </Appenders>
    <Loggers>
        <Logger name="com.example.log4j2demo" level="debug" additivity="false">
            <AppenderRef ref="ConsoleAppender" />
        </Logger>

        <Root level="info">
            <AppenderRef ref="ConsoleAppender" />
        </Root>
    </Loggers>
</Configuration>

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