Check out example codes for "reentrantreadwritelock java". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

class CachedData {
   Object data;
   volatile boolean cacheValid;
   final ReentrantReadWriteLock rwl = new ReentrantReadWriteLock();

   void processCachedData() {
     rwl.readLock().lock();
     if (!cacheValid) {
        // Must release read lock before acquiring write lock
        rwl.readLock().unlock();
        rwl.writeLock().lock();
        try {
          // Recheck state because another thread might have
          // acquired write lock and changed state before we did.
          if (!cacheValid) {
            data = ...
            cacheValid = true;
          }
          // Downgrade by acquiring read lock before releasing write lock
          rwl.readLock().lock();
        } finally {
          rwl.writeLock().unlock(); // Unlock write, still hold read
        }
     }

     try {
       use(data);
     } finally {
       rwl.readLock().unlock();
     }
   }
 }

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