Check out example codes for "what is equals method in object class java". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

// Java program to illustrate  
// how hashCode() and equals() methods work 
import java.io.*; 
  
class Geek  
{ 
      
    public String name; 
    public int id; 
          
    Geek(String name, int id)  
    { 
              
        this.name = name; 
        this.id = id; 
    } 
      
    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object obj) 
    { 
          
    // checking if both the object references are  
    // referring to the same object. 
    if(this == obj) 
            return true; 
          
        // it checks if the argument is of the  
        // type Geek by comparing the classes  
        // of the passed argument and this object. 
        // if(!(obj instanceof Geek)) return false; ---> avoid. 
        if(obj == null || obj.getClass()!= this.getClass()) 
            return false; 
          
        // type casting of the argument.  
        Geek geek = (Geek) obj; 
          
        // comparing the state of argument with  
        // the state of 'this' Object. 
        return (geek.name == this.name && geek.id == this.id); 
    } 
      
    @Override
    public int hashCode() 
    { 
          
        // We are returning the Geek_id  
        // as a hashcode value. 
        // we can also return some  
        // other calculated value or may 
        // be memory address of the  
        // Object on which it is invoked.  
        // it depends on how you implement  
        // hashCode() method. 
        return this.id; 
    } 
      
} 
  
//Driver code 
class GFG 
{ 
      
    public static void main (String[] args) 
    { 
      
        // creating the Objects of Geek class. 
        Geek g1 = new Geek("aa", 1); 
        Geek g2 = new Geek("aa", 1); 
          
        // comparing above created Objects. 
        if(g1.hashCode() == g2.hashCode()) 
        { 
  
            if(g1.equals(g2)) 
                System.out.println("Both Objects are equal. "); 
            else
                System.out.println("Both Objects are not equal. "); 
      
        } 
        else
        System.out.println("Both Objects are not equal. ");  
    }  
}

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