Check out example codes for "matlab if". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

for c = 1:ncols
    for r = 1:nrows
        
        if r == c
            A(r,c) = 2;
        elseif abs(r-c) == 1
            A(r,c) = -1;
        else
            A(r,c) = 0;
        end
        
    end
end

Code Example 2

for c = 1:ncols
    for r = 1:nrows
        
        if r == c
            A(r,c) = 2;
        elseif abs(r-c) == 1
            A(r,c) = -1;
        else
            A(r,c) = 0;
        end
        
    end
end
A

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