Check out example codes for "laravel has many". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

$movies = Movie::whereHas('director', function($q) {
    $q->where('name', 'great');
})->get();

Code Example 2

posts
    id - integer
    name - string

users
    id - integer
    name - string

images
    id - integer
    url - string
    imageable_id - integer
    imageable_type - string

Code Example 3

class Country extends Model
{
    public function posts()
    {
        return $this->hasManyThrough(
            'App\Post',
            'App\User',
            'country_id', // Foreign key on users table...
            'user_id', // Foreign key on posts table...
            'id', // Local key on countries table...
            'id' // Local key on users table...
        );
    }
}

when
countries
    id - integer
    name - string

users
    id - integer
    country_id - integer
    name - string

posts
    id - integer
    user_id - integer
    title - string

Code Example 4

$roles = App\User::find(1)->roles()->orderBy('name')->get();

Code Example 5

<?php

namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Post extends Model
{
    /**
     * Get the comments for the blog post.
     */
    public function comments()
    {
        return $this->hasMany('App\Models\Comment');
    }
}

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