Check out example codes for "PDOException::("SQLSTATE[42000]: Syntax error or access violation: 1071 Specified key was too long; max key length is 1000 bytes") laravel 8". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

//add/edit the following into app/Providers/AppServiceProviders.php:
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

function boot()
{
    Builder::defaultStringLength(191); // Update defaultStringLength
}

Code Example 2

// Update your /app/Providers/AppServiceProvider.php to contain:

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

public function boot()
{
    Schema::defaultStringLength(191);
}

//ON this error 
//   PDOException::("SQLSTATE[42S01]: Base table or view already exists: 1050 Table 'users' already exists")
// After run ->  php artisan migrate:fresh  <- ! Note this will reset all tables in db

Code Example 3

use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Builder; // Import Builder where defaultStringLength method is defined

function boot()
{
    Builder::defaultStringLength(191); // Update defaultStringLength
}

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