Check out example codes for "ruby named parameters". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

def show_name_and_address(name: "Someone", address: "Somewhere")
  puts "#{name}, #{address}"
end

show_name_and_address
#=> 'Someone, Somewhere'

show_name_and_address(name: 'Andy')
#=> 'Andy, Somewhere'

show_name_and_address(address: 'USA')
#=> 'Someone, USA'

Code Example 2

def show_name_and_address(name="Someone", address="Somewhere")
  puts "#{name}, #{address}"
end

show_name_and_address
#=> 'Someone, Somewhere'

show_name_and_address('Andy')
#=> 'Andy, Somewhere'

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