Check out example codes for "Sorting a Hash by Key or Value". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

# ==> Sorting a Hash by Key or Value (see lower)
my_hash = {'a'=>'1', 'c'=>'3', 'b'=>'2'}

my_hash.keys.sort.each do |key| 
  puts my_hash[key] 
end
Gives:
1
2
3

# Hashes are unsorted objects because of the way in which they are stored 
#internally. If you want to access a Hash in a sorted manner by key, 
# you need to use an Array as an indexing mechanism as is shown above.

# You can also use the Hash#sort method to get a 
# ==> new sorted Array of pairs:

my_hash.sort
    #=> [["a", "1"], ["b", "2"], ["c", "3"]]

# You can do the same by value, but it’s a little more complicated:

my_hash.keys.sort_by { |key| my_hash[key] }.each do |key|
    puts my_hash[key]
end

# Or, you can use the Hash#sort method for values:

my_hash.sort { |l, r| l[1]<=>r[1] }
    #=> [["a", "1"], ["b", "2"], ["c", "3"]]

# This works by using the Emmuerator#sort_by method that is mixed 
# into the Array of keys. #sort_by looks at the value my_hash[key] returns 
# to determine the sorting order.

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