Check out example codes for "alter table not null constraint". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

By default, a column can hold NULL values.
The NOT NULL constraint enforces a column to NOT accept NULL values.
This enforces a field to always contain a value, which means that you cannot insert a new record, or update a record without adding a value to this field.

Sql NOT NULL in creating a table
CREATE TABLE Persons (
    ID int NOT NULL,
    LastName varchar(255) NOT NULL,
    FirstName varchar(255) NOT NULL,
    Age int
);

Code Example 2

ALTER TABLE Persons
MODIFY Age int NOT NULL;

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