Check out example codes for "condition in orderby mysql". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

SELECT orders.status, orders.created_at
FROM `orders`
ORDER BY
  status='new' DESC,
  status='processing' DESC,
  CASE WHEN status IN ('new', 'processing') THEN created_at END ASC,
  CASE WHEN status NOT IN ('new', 'processing') THEN created_at END DESC

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