Check out example codes for "foreign key in sql". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

Named foreign key:

ALTER TABLE Orders
ADD CONSTRAINT FK_PersonOrder
FOREIGN KEY (PersonID)
REFERENCES Persons(PersonID);

Code Example 2

# A foreign key is essentially a reference to a primary
# key in another table.

# A Simple table of Users, 
CREATE TABLE users(
	userId INT NOT NULL,
  	username VARCHAR(64) NOT NULL,
  	passwd VARCHAR(32) NOT NULL,
  	PRIMARY KEY(userId);
);
# Lets add a LEGIT user!
INSERT INTO users VALUES(1000,"Terry","Teabagface$2");

# We will create an order table that holds a reference
# to an order made by our Terry
CREATE TABLE orders(
	orderId INT NOT NULL,
  	orderDescription VARCHAR(255),
  	ordererId INT NOT NULL,
  	PRIMARY KEY(orderId),
  	FOREIGN KEY (ordererId) REFERENCES users(userId)
);
# Now we can add an order from Terry
INSERT INTO orders VALUES(0001,"Goat p0rn Weekly",1000);

# Want to know more about the plight of Goats?
# See the link below

Code Example 3

ALTER TABLE tryholpz_demo07.core_modules 
ADD COLUMN belongs_to_role INT, 
ADD FOREIGN KEY core_modules(belongs_to_role) REFERENCES role_specific_modules_info(id) ON DELETE CASCADE

Code Example 4

A FOREIGN KEY is a key used to link two tables together.
A FOREIGN KEY is a field (or collection of fields) in one table that refers to the PRIMARY KEY in another table.
The table containing the foreign key is called the child table, and the table containing the candidate key is called the referenced or parent table.

Example:
# creating table users
CREATE TABLE users(
	user_id INT NOT NULL,
  	user_name VARCHAR(64) NOT NULL,
  	user_pass VARCHAR(32) NOT NULL,
  	PRIMARY KEY(user_id);
);
# adding user data
INSERT INTO users VALUES(1,"Raj","[email protected]");

# creating table orders
CREATE TABLE orders(
	order_id INT NOT NULL,
  	order_description VARCHAR(255),
  	orderer_id INT NOT NULL,
  	PRIMARY KEY(order_id),
  	FOREIGN KEY (orderer_id) REFERENCES users(user_id)
);
# adding order data
INSERT INTO orders VALUES(1,"Daily groceries",1);

Code Example 5

-- On Create
CREATE TABLE tableName (
    ID INT,
    SomeEntityID INT,
    PRIMARY KEY (ID),
    FOREIGN KEY (SomeEntityID)
        REFERENCES SomeEntityTable(ID)
        ON DELETE CASCADE
);

-- On Alter, if the column already exists but has no FK
ALTER TABLE
  tableName
ADD
  FOREIGN KEY (SomeEntityID) REFERENCES SomeEntityTable(ID) ON DELETE CASCADE;

Code Example 6

ALTER TABLE database.table
  ADD COLUMN columnname INT DEFAULT(1),
  ADD FOREIGN KEY fk_name(fk_column) REFERENCES reftable(refcolumn) ON DELETE CASCADE;

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