Check out example codes for "identify primary key in sql table". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

-- NOTE: this is for SQL-Oracle specifically

-- syntax:
SELECT cols.table_name, cols.column_name, cols.position, cons.status, cons.owner
FROM all_constraints cons, all_cons_columns cols
WHERE cols.table_name = '<table-name>' -- Replace <table-name> with your table-name
AND cons.constraint_type = 'P'
AND cons.constraint_name = cols.constraint_name
AND cons.owner = cols.owner


-- example:
SELECT cols.table_name, cols.column_name, cols.position, cons.status, cons.owner
FROM all_constraints cons, all_cons_columns cols
WHERE cols.table_name = 'CUSTOMERS' 
AND cons.constraint_type = 'P'
AND cons.constraint_name = cols.constraint_name
AND cons.owner = cols.owner

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