Check out example codes for "mysql insert into if not exists". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

INSERT INTO table_name (firstname, lastname)
SELECT 'NEW FIRSTNAME', 'NEW LASTNAME'
FROM DUAL
WHERE NOT EXISTS(
    SELECT 1
    FROM table_name
    WHERE firstname = 'NEW FIRSTNAME' AND lastname = 'NEW LASTNAME'
)
LIMIT 1;

Code Example 2

INSERT IGNORE INTO companies
    (id, full_name, address, phone_number)
VALUES
    (1, 'Apple', '1 Infinite Loop, Cupertino, California', 18002752273);

Code Example 3

INSERT IGNORE INTO `transcripts`
SET `ensembl_transcript_id` = 'ENSORGT00000000001',
`transcript_chrom_start` = 12345,
`transcript_chrom_end` = 12678;

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