Check out example codes for "replace string in whole database mysql stackoverflow". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

DECLARE col_names CURSOR FOR
  SELECT column_name
  FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS
  WHERE table_name = 'tbl_name'
  ORDER BY ordinal_position;


select FOUND_ROWS() into num_rows;

SET i = 1;
the_loop: LOOP

   IF i > num_rows THEN
        CLOSE col_names;
        LEAVE the_loop;
    END IF;


    FETCH col_names 
    INTO col_name;     

     //do whatever else you need to do with the col name

    SET i = i + 1;  
END LOOP the_loop;

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