Check out example codes for "sp help text in postgresql". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

SELECT n.nspname AS schema
      ,proname AS fname
      ,proargnames AS args
      ,t.typname AS return_type
      ,d.description
      ,pg_get_functiondef(p.oid) as definition
--      ,CASE WHEN NOT p.proisagg THEN pg_get_functiondef(p.oid)
--            ELSE 'pg_get_functiondef() can''t be used with aggregate functions'
--       END as definition
  FROM pg_proc p
  JOIN pg_type t
    ON p.prorettype = t.oid
  LEFT OUTER
  JOIN pg_description d
    ON p.oid = d.objoid
  LEFT OUTER
  JOIN pg_namespace n
    ON n.oid = p.pronamespace
 WHERE NOT p.proisagg
   AND n.nspname~'<$SCHEMA_NAME_PATTERN>'
   AND proname~'<$FUNCTION_NAME_PATTERN>'

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