Check out example codes for "sql make sure every user is unqiuew". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

create table user(
    user_id  INT  auto_increment  PRIMARY KEY,
    username varchar(50) not null,
    avator  varchar(50),
    gender  boolean not null,
    phone varchar(20),
    unique(username)
);

create table journey(
    id INT auto_increment PRIMARY KEY,
    start varchar(100) not null,
    dest varchar(100) not null,
    time date not null,
    person INT,
    user_id INT not null,
    foreign key(user_id) references user(user_id)
);

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