Check out example codes for "sql merge statement". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

MERGE esqlProductTarget T
USING esqlProductSource S
ON (S.ProductID = T.ProductID)
WHEN MATCHED 
     THEN UPDATE
     SET    T.Name = S.Name,
            T.ProductNumber = S.ProductNumber,
            T.Color = S.Color
WHEN NOT MATCHED BY TARGET
THEN INSERT (ProductID, Name, ProductNumber, Color)
     VALUES (S.ProductID, S.Name, S.ProductNumber, S.Color)
WHEN NOT MATCHED BY SOURCE
THEN DELETE;

Code Example 2

MERGE dbo.MyTarget targ
USING (SELECT ... FROM dbo.MySource GROUP BY .....) src
ON (targ.Identifier = src.Identifier
    AND targ.Name = src.ConstituentName
    AND targ.Ticker = src.ConstituentTicker
    AND (targ.CUSIP = src.CUSIP OR targ.ISIN = src.ISIN OR targ.SEDOL = src.SEDOL))
WHEN MATCHED THEN
-- update values
;

Code Example 3

MERGE LoginTypes T
        USING (SELECT 'System' as Description) S
        ON(S.Description = T.Description)
WHEN NOT MATCHED BY TARGET
    THEN INSERT(Description, CreatedTimestamp, LastUpdatedTimestamp)
VALUES('System', getdate(), getdate());

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