Check out example codes for "tsql goup by clause in merge statement". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

MERGE dbo.MyTarget targ
USING (SELECT ... FROM dbo.MySource GROUP BY .....) src
ON (targ.Identifier = src.Identifier
    AND targ.Name = src.ConstituentName
    AND targ.Ticker = src.ConstituentTicker
    AND (targ.CUSIP = src.CUSIP OR targ.ISIN = src.ISIN OR targ.SEDOL = src.SEDOL))
WHEN MATCHED THEN
-- update values
;

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