Check out example codes for "variables in select statement in sql server". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

USE AdventureWorks2014;
GO
DECLARE @MyVariable int;
SET @MyVariable = 1;
-- Terminate the batch by using the GO keyword.
GO 
-- @MyVariable has gone out of scope and no longer exists.

-- This SELECT statement generates a syntax error because it is
-- no longer legal to reference @MyVariable.
SELECT BusinessEntityID, NationalIDNumber, JobTitle
FROM HumanResources.Employee
WHERE BusinessEntityID = @MyVariable;

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