Check out example codes for "how to get current shown collectionview cell index in swift". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

let visibleRect = CGRect(origin: collectionView.contentOffset, size: collectionView.bounds.size)
let visiblePoint = CGPoint(x: visibleRect.midX, y: visibleRect.midY)
let visibleIndexPath = collectionView.indexPathForItem(at: visiblePoint)

Code Example 2

func scrollViewDidEndDecelerating(_ scrollView: UIScrollView) {
    for cell in yourCollectionView.visibleCells {
        let indexPath = yourCollectionView.indexPath(for: cell)
        print(indexPath)
    }
}

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