Check out example codes for "swift email composer". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

import Foundation
import MessageUI
import UIKit

class emailClass: UIViewController, MFMailComposeViewControllerDelegate {
    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()

        if !MFMailComposeViewController.canSendMail() {
            print("Mail services are not available")
            return
        }        
        sendEmail() 
    }

    func sendEmail() {      
        let composeVC = MFMailComposeViewController()
        composeVC.mailComposeDelegate = self
        // Configure the fields of the interface.
        composeVC.setToRecipients(["[email protected]"])
        composeVC.setSubject("Hello!")
        composeVC.setMessageBody("Hello this is my message body!", isHTML: false)
        // Present the view controller modally.
        self.present(composeVC, animated: true, completion: nil)
    }

    func mailComposeController(controller: MFMailComposeViewController,
                           didFinishWithResult result: MFMailComposeResult, error: NSError?) {
        // Check the result or perform other tasks.
        // Dismiss the mail compose view controller.
        controller.dismiss(animated: true, completion: nil)
    }

    override func didReceiveMemoryWarning() {
        super.didReceiveMemoryWarning()
        // Dispose of any resources that can be recreated.
    }
}

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