Check out example codes for "swift share with". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

import UIKit
class ViewController: UIViewController {

    // share text
    @IBAction func shareTextButton(_ sender: UIButton) {

        // text to share
        let text = "This is some text that I want to share."

        // set up activity view controller
        let textToShare = [ text ]
        let activityViewController = UIActivityViewController(activityItems: textToShare, applicationActivities: nil)
        activityViewController.popoverPresentationController?.sourceView = self.view // so that iPads won't crash

        // exclude some activity types from the list (optional)
        activityViewController.excludedActivityTypes = [ UIActivityType.airDrop, UIActivityType.postToFacebook ]

        // present the view controller
        self.present(activityViewController, animated: true, completion: nil)

    }

    // share image
    @IBAction func shareImageButton(_ sender: UIButton) {

        // image to share
        let image = UIImage(named: "Image")

        // set up activity view controller
        let imageToShare = [ image! ]
        let activityViewController = UIActivityViewController(activityItems: imageToShare, applicationActivities: nil)
        activityViewController.popoverPresentationController?.sourceView = self.view // so that iPads won't crash

        // exclude some activity types from the list (optional)
        activityViewController.excludedActivityTypes = [ UIActivityType.airDrop, UIActivityType.postToFacebook ]

        // present the view controller
        self.present(activityViewController, animated: true, completion: nil)
    }

}

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