Check out example codes for "swiftui api calling github". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

let params = ["username":"john", "password":"123456"] as Dictionary<String, String>

var request = URLRequest(url: URL(string: "http://localhost:8080/api/1/login")!)
request.httpMethod = "POST"
request.httpBody = try? JSONSerialization.data(withJSONObject: params, options: [])
request.addValue("application/json", forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type")

let session = URLSession.shared
let task = session.dataTask(with: request, completionHandler: { data, response, error -> Void in
    print(response!)
    do {
        let json = try JSONSerialization.jsonObject(with: data!) as! Dictionary<String, AnyObject>
        print(json)
    } catch {
        print("error")
    }
})

task.resume()

Code Example 2

var url : String = "http://google.com?test=toto&test2=titi"
var request : NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest()
request.URL = NSURL(string: url)
request.HTTPMethod = "GET"

NSURLConnection.sendAsynchronousRequest(request, queue: NSOperationQueue(), completionHandler:{ (response:NSURLResponse!, data: NSData!, error: NSError!) -> Void in
    var error: AutoreleasingUnsafeMutablePointer<NSError?> = nil
    let jsonResult: NSDictionary! = NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(data, options:NSJSONReadingOptions.MutableContainers, error: error) as? NSDictionary

    if (jsonResult != nil) {
        // process jsonResult
    } else {
       // couldn't load JSON, look at error
    }


})

Code Example 3

For GET Request

 let configuration = NSURLSessionConfiguration .defaultSessionConfiguration()
    let session = NSURLSession(configuration: configuration)


    let urlString = NSString(format: "your URL here")

    print("get wallet balance url string is \(urlString)")
    //let url = NSURL(string: urlString as String)
    let request : NSMutableURLRequest = NSMutableURLRequest()
    request.URL = NSURL(string: NSString(format: "%@", urlString) as String)
    request.HTTPMethod = "GET"
    request.timeoutInterval = 30

    request.addValue("application/json", forHTTPHeaderField: "Content-Type")
    request.addValue("application/json", forHTTPHeaderField: "Accept")

    let dataTask = session.dataTaskWithRequest(request) {
        (let data: NSData?, let response: NSURLResponse?, let error: NSError?) -> Void in

        // 1: Check HTTP Response for successful GET request
        guard let httpResponse = response as? NSHTTPURLResponse, receivedData = data
            else {
                print("error: not a valid http response")
                return
        }

        switch (httpResponse.statusCode)
        {
        case 200:

            let response = NSString (data: receivedData, encoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding)
            print("response is \(response)")


            do {
                let getResponse = try NSJSONSerialization.JSONObjectWithData(receivedData, options: .AllowFragments)

                EZLoadingActivity .hide()

               // }
            } catch {
                print("error serializing JSON: \(error)")
            }

            break
        case 400:

            break
        default:
            print("wallet GET request got response \(httpResponse.statusCode)")
        }
    }
    dataTask.resume()

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