Check out example codes for "AND-OR-AND + brackets with Eloquent". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

//mysql query be like this
// ... WHERE (gender = 'Male' and age >= 18) or (gender = 'Female' and age >= 65)

//Eloquent query is
// ...
$q->where(function ($query) {
    $query->where('gender', 'Male')
        ->where('age', '>=', 18);
})->orWhere(function($query) {
    $query->where('gender', 'Female')
        ->where('age', '>=', 65);	
})
//@sujay

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