Check out example codes for "custom types in typescript". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

// simple type
type Websites = 'www.google.com' | 'reddit.com';
let mySite: Websites = 'www.google.com' //pass
//or
let mySite: Website = 'www.yahoo.com' //error
// the above line will show error because Website type will only accept 2 strings either 'www.google.com' or 'reddit.com'.
// another example. 
type Details = { id: number, name: string, age: number };
let student: Details = { id: 803, name: 'Max', age: 13 }; // pass
//or 
let student: Details = { id: 803, name: 'Max', age: 13, address: 'Delhi' } // error
// the above line will show error because 'address' property is not assignable for Details type variables.
//or
let student: Details = { id: 803, name: 'Max', age: '13' }; // error
// the above line will show error because string value can't be assign to the age value, only numbers.

Code Example 2

1) Type guards narrow down the type of a variable within a conditional block.
2) Use the 'typeof' and 'instanceof operators to implement type guards in the
	conditional blocks.
   
//example(typeof)
if (typeof a === 'number' && typeof b === 'number') {
    return a + b;
}

(instanceof)
if (job instanceof detail){
	jobless = false ;
}

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