Check out example codes for "how to check list of open ports in linux". It will help you in understanding the concepts better.

Code Example 1

sudo lsof -i -P -n | grep LISTEN
sudo netstat -tulpn | grep LISTEN
sudo lsof -i:22 # see a specific port such as 22
sudo nmap -sTU -O IP-address-Here

Code Example 2

# Any of the following
sudo lsof -i -P -n | grep LISTEN
sudo netstat -tulpn | grep LISTEN
sudo lsof -i:22 # see a specific port such as 22
sudo nmap -sTU -O IP-address-Here

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